March 20, 2020
Bank of Nova Scotia
Symbol: BNS (TSX)
Annual Meeting date: April 7, 2020
Filer: Harrington Investments
Shareholder Proposal No. 4: On the Bank of Nova Scotia’s (Scotiabank) consideration of potential impacts on human and Indigenous peoples’ rights, including respect for free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) of Indigenous communities affected by Scotiabank’s financing.
RESOLVED: Shareholders request that Scotiabank revise its Human Rights policies to ensure that, in all project finance and commercial lending settings where substantial concerns may be reasonably expected, the bank will thoroughly consider the finance recipients’ policies and practices for potential impacts on Human and Indigenous Peoples’ Rights, including respect for the Free, Prior and Informed Consent of Indigenous communities affected by all Scotiabank’s financing.
Vote recommendation: Vote FOR Proposal No. 4
Violations of human rights can expose a company to liability for those abuses, even if the company does not participate directly in those abuses and tries to distance itself from them. Scotiabank has exposed itself to this liability by providing financing for oil, gas and coal development projects entangled in Indigenous rights violations, including the failure to obtain their free, prior and informed consent about projects on their land., through various project- and corporate-level loan agreements. For instance, Scotiabank funded companies that financed and built the Dakota Access Pipeline and the expansion of the Transmountain Pipeline. 
Despite updating their Human Rights Statement in 2019 to include mention of the rights of Indigenous peoples, Scotiabank does not mention nor commit to the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), including the need to obtain the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous peoples in their operations and financing activities. It is important for all projects on Indigenous lands to respect the provisions of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. This includes seeking the free, prior and informed consent of the local Indigenous communities, and providing tangible benefits to those communities. Indigenous communities must have a meaningful role in the decisions and management of any projects or corporate operations on their land. By not including the UNDRIP in its human rights policy, the bank
risks ongoing liability for violations of Indigenous. These risks include the potential for legal liabiity, financial losses from the loss of value in financed projects, and damage to the bank’s reputation.
Scotiabank is a signatory to the Equator Principles, a risk mitigation framework for member financial institutions to apply in credit risk review process in order to avoid complicity in human rights abuses and environmental harm through their lending. Unfortunately, the Equator Principles do not include an adequate risk assessment process for respecting Indigenous peoples’ rights.  The Equator Principles do not apply to all countries in which Scotiabank operates, and do not commit signatories to implementing the UNDRIP or obtaining the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous communities.
Without a more robust human rights policy that includes respect for Indigenous peoples, Scotiabank is liable for potential violations of Indigenous peoples’ rights. The proposed changes to that policy would help the bank mitigate that liability, improve its reputation, and show Indigenous communities the respect they deserve.
NATOA and SHARE’s recommendation: Vote FOR the proposal to ensure Scotiabank considers Indigenous peoples’ rights in financing, including respect for FPIC
Link to the full proposal: https://www.scotiabank.com/content/dam/scotiabank/corporate/quarterly- reports/2020/q1/2020_Scotia_Circular-English_AODA.pdf, pages 27-28
Mark Sevestre, Founder and Senior Advisor to NATOA
Katie Wheatley, Project Lead, Reconciliation and Responsible Investment Initiative